Identités relationnelles — 2

12 décembre 2016
Ce que l'histoire apporte à l'anthropologie

Le second séminaire sera consacré à une lecture critique de:

Sidney W. Mintz,
Sweetness and Power.
The Place of Sugar in Modern History
New York, Viking Penguin, 1985

Dans la Bibliothèque Tessitures:
Ethnographie et savoirs > Du local au global

Sweetness and Power ultimately grows out of Mintz's initial encounter with sugar in Puerto Rico in 1948 where the focus of his attention is on the cultivation of sugar-cane and the variety of social and economic relations that constitute that local process. And understandably so, since from the sixteenth century onwards the Caribbean has been driven by the production of sugar. But Mintz, seeing as it were through the prism of this location, begins to discern the need to ask a different kind of question, if you like, an Atlantic one: what, beyond force and profit, sustains the relationship between Europe and the Caribbean? Mintz's answer turns on the seductions of the new commodity, sugar, and the transformations of demand the new taste for it precipitated. In a certain sense, sugar had been largely opaque to historians and anthropologists of the Caribbean. Despite its obvious ubiquity in the story of the colonial relation between Europe and the Caribbean, sugar functioned largely as the occasion for the story about the slave trade and plantation slavery. As an object itself — as the commodity-form realized by slave labour in an increasingly capitalist world-market — it was very nearly invisible. The originality of Sweetness and Power lies in fundamentally altering this in such a way as to make sugar visible as a hinge drawing the Caribbean and Europe together into a constitutive relationship.”

David Scott, Modernity That Predated the Modern: Sidney Mintz's Caribbean, History Workshop Journal, No.58 (Autumn, 2004), pp.191–210.

Lectures complémentaires

Dans la Bibliothèque Tessitures:
Ethnographie et savoirs > Du local au global

Sidney W. Mintz, The so-called world system. Local initiative and local response, Dialectical Anthropology, Vol.2, No.4 (November 1977), pp.253–270

Sidney W. Mintz, The localization of anthropological practice. From area studies to transnationalism, Critique of Anthropology, Vol.18, No.2 (1998): 117–133.

Jonathan Friedman, From roots to routes. Tropes for trippers, Anthropological Theory 2.1 (2002): 21–36.

Henrietta L. Moore, Global anxieties. Concept-metaphors and pre-theoretical commitments in anthropology, Anthropological Theory 4.1 (2004): 71–88.

Ghassan Hage, A not so multi-sited ethnography of a not so imagined community, Anthropological Theory 5.4 (2005): 463–475.

Anne-Christine Trémon, Que faire du couple local/global? Pour une anthropologie pleinement processuelle, Social Anthropology/Anthropologie Sociale 20.3 (2012): 250–266. (Noter les deux pages sur Max Gluckman.)

Laurent Berger, La place de l'ethnologie en histoire globale, Monde(s), n°3, mai 2013, pp.193–212.

L'œuvre séminale de Max Gluckman
Une ethnographie des interdépendances

Dans la Bibliothèque Tessitures:
Anthropologues 1930s–1980s > Gluckman

Yann Tholoniat, Benoît de l'Estoile, Max Gluckman (1940), Analysis of a social situation in modern Zululand, Genèses n°72.3 (2008), pp.119–155.